Image slicing and CSS – Best for Designers to know aobut image formats.

Barber

Although CSS can do lot’s of stuff by itself, it also relies a lot on images. Websites without bullets, icons and backgrounds aren’t that lovely to see.

When we slice and dice our designs in order to create a website, optimizing the images is a key factor when we are focusing in our site’s response time.

Be clever with image file formats and you’ll go a step further in optimizing your site.

The image file types

In web, there are three image file types we can use:

  • .gif (Graphic interchange format)
  • .jpg (Joint photographic experts group)
  • .png (Portable network graphics)

.GIF

Gif are lighter compared to jpgs or pngs.

Gif file type example

This file type is great for:
  • Solid colors
  • Simple and small icons
  • Typography
  • Basic transparency (Simple shapes over a solid color)

.JPG

In my opinion .jpg files need at least a 80% quality to look good in web. More quality means really more weight, so be careful.

Jpg file type example

This file type is great for:
  • Photographs
  • Simple gradients

Why only simple gradients? Because the .jpg files with complex gradients start too look blurry and with low definition.

.PNG

There are three types of pngs: 8, 24 and 32 bits. More number = more quality.

Personally I find that 8 bit has extremely poor quality. I also find the weight difference between 24 and 32 bits very slim, but with a significant difference in quality.

Due to all this, I commonly use 32 bit .pngs

Png file type example

This file type is great for:
  • High detailed icons and illustrations
  • Complex gradients
  • Great fidelity in transparency (24 or 32 bits)

IE6 and transparent PNGs

IE6 doesn’t support png transparency. The transparency in the browser is replaced with a light blue background instead.

There are many techniques to fix this, and they are usually related with javascript.
An example of this kind of fix is the Unit PNG Fix.

There are lot of others out there. Each one has it’s pros and cons. Google ‘png fix’ and try them out. I still haven’t found THE BEST one.

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